SecOps: HTTP Strict Transport Security(HSTS)

HSTS is an opt-in security specified by a web application through the use of a special response header.

When the browser receives this header, the browser prevents all communication over HTTP to that specified domain. Instead the browser will send all communication over HTTPS.


HSTS is designed to overcome following threats:

  • User bookmarks or manual types like “" are vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attack.

  • A web application that is intended to be communicated over HTTPS, contains HTTP links or serves content over HTTP.

  • Man-in-the-middle attack which makes victim accept the bad certificate by intercepting network traffic.

HSTS in Action

  • Webserver directive should be added to upgrade all HTTP connections to HTTPS connections on first-time website access.

  • Webserver directive to add HSTS header in HTTPS section.

  • If the configuration is successful, you will get following 307(Internal Redirect) redirection from the browser.